Professor Emeritus Vernon SquireOffice: No physical location on campus
Phone: 021 213 5815
** Vernon left the Department in 2005 to become the Pro-Vice-Chancellor, Division of Sciences. In 2010 he was appointed as Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic and International), which later became Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic). He became Professor Emeritus from 1 May 2019, continuing his research interests and maintaining links with the University. **
Professor Emeritus Squire has now retired.
Recent research interests of Professor Squire relate to modelling environmental phenomena, especially processes that occur in the polar regions. A focus has been to understand sea-ice in relation to the climates of the Arctic and Southern Oceans, with some effort being put into explaining how ocean waves interact with sea-ice and especially how the ice breaks up. This includes modelling single ice floes, icebergs, heterogeneous and imperfect ice sheets, and research on scattering in random media. The work has been supported by a sequence of grants, including three Marsden Grants and a 5-year grant from the US Office of Naval Research that relates to how ocean waves have contributed to the incredible sea-ice reductions we are experiencing in the Arctic and the apparent sea-ice stability or even growth in the Antarctic. Unusually for a Department of Mathematics and Statistics, theoretical work has been supported by fieldwork in the polar regions. The work is highly collaborative, involving several New Zealand institutions funded under the same overarching grants, and many scientists from organizations abroad - especially the US.
Some Useful Links
- Antarctic Science and Marine Environments of the Southern Oceans
- Collaborative sea-ice research in the Department of Physics at the University of Otago
- Ocean physics in the Department of Marine Science
Published or in press papers from 2014 onwards
- Bennetts, L. G., O’Farrell, S., Uotila, P. and Squire, V. A. An idealized wave–ice interaction model without subgrid spatial or temporal discretizations. Annals of Glaciology, 56(69), 258-262 (2015).
- Kovalev, P. D. and Squire, V. A. Ocean wave / sea ice interactions in the south-eastern coastal zone of Sakhalin Island. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 238, 106725, doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106725 (2020).
- Massom, R. A., Scambos, T. A., Bennetts, L. G., Reid, P., Squire, V. A. and Stammerjohn, S. E. Antarctic ice shelf disintegration triggered by sea ice loss and ocean swell. Nature, 558(7710), 383-389 + Methods, doi 10.1038/s41586-018-0212-1 (2018).
- Montiel, F. and Squire, V. A. Modelling wave-induced sea ice break-up in the marginal ice zone. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A, 473(2206), 1-25 (2017).
- Montiel, F., Squire, V. A. and Bennetts, L. G. Two dimensional scattering of directional wave spectra by regular and randomly perturbed finite arrays of circular obstructions. SIAM Journal of Applied Mathematics, 75(2), 30-651 (2015).
- Montiel, F., Squire, V. A. and Bennetts, L. G. Reflection and transmission of ocean wave spectra by a band of randomly distributed ice floes. Annals of Glaciology, 56(69), 315-322 (2015).
- Montiel, F., Squire, V. A. and Bennetts, L. G. Attenuation and directional spreading of ocean wave spectra in the marginal ice zone. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 790, 492-522 (2016).
- Montiel, F., Squire, V. A., Doble, M. J., Thomson, J. and Wadhams, P. Attenuation and directional spreading of ocean waves during a storm event in the autumn Beaufort Sea marginal ice zone. Journal of Geophysical Research, doi 10.1029/2018JC013763 (2018).
- Mosig, J. E. M., Montiel, F. and Squire, V. A. Comparison of viscoelastic-type models for ocean wave attenuation in ice-covered seas. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120(9), 6072-6090 (2015).
- Mosig, J. E. M., Montiel, F. and Squire, V. A. Water wave scattering from a mass loading ice floe of random length using generalised polynomial chaos. Wave Motion,70, 222-239 (2017).
- Mosig, J. E. M., Montiel, F. and Squire, V. A. On the transport of energy by surface flexural gravity waves. The 32nd International Workshop on Water Waves and Floating Bodies, Dalian, China, 23rd-26th April 2017, Article 39, 4pp (2017).
- Mosig, J. E. M., Montiel, F. and Squire, V. A.. A transport equation for flexural-gravity wave propagation under a sea ice cover of variable thickness. Wave Motion, 88, 153-166 (2019).
- Squire, V. A. A fresh look at how ocean waves and sea ice interact. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series A, 376, 20170342, doi 10.1098/rsta.2017.0342 (2018).
- Squire, V. A. Ocean wave interactions with sea ice: a reappraisal. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 52, 37-60 (2020).
- Squire, V. A. and Montiel, F. Evolution of directional wave spectra in the marginal ice zone: a new model tested with legacy data. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46(10), 3121-3137 (2016).
Earlier publications arising from conferences co-convened at the University of Otago
For a copy of the following proceedings, available in three volumes, please contact the Department of Physics, University of Otago.
- Squire, V. A. and Langhorne, P. J. (eds.) Ice in the Environment: Proceedings of 16th International Symposium on Ice, 1, International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research (2002) 513p, ISBN 1-877139-52-1.
- Squire, V. A. and Langhorne, P. J. (eds.) Ice in the Environment: Proceedings of 16th International Symposium on Ice, 2, International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research (2002) 452p, ISBN 1-877139-52-1.
- Squire, V. A. and Langhorne, P. J. (eds.) Ice in the Environment: Proceedings of 16th International Symposium on Ice, 3, International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research (2002) 363p, ISBN 1-877139-52-1.
For a copy of the following journal special issue with selected papers from the 2005 International Symposium on Sea-Ice, please contact the International Glaciological Society, Scott Polar Research Institute, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1ER, UK. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org .
- Langhorne, P. J. and Squire, V. A. (eds.) Annals of Glaciology, 44, (2006) 448p, ISBN 0-946417-39-3.